Noam Chomsky is widely known and deeply admired for being the founder of modern linguistics, one of the founders of the field of cognitive science, & perhaps the most avidly read political theorist & commentator of our time. In these lectures, he presents a lifetime of philosophical reflection on all three of these areas of research, to which he has contributed for over half a century. In clear, precise, & nontechnical language, Chomsky elaborates on 50 years of scientific development in the study of language, sketching how his own work has implications for the origins of language, the close relations that language bears to thought, and its eventual biological basis.

He expounds and criticizes many alternative theories, such as those that emphasize the social, the communicative, and the referential aspects … More

Born OTD in 1913, French philosopher, author, and journalist, Albert Camus. In this profound and moving philosophical statement, Camus poses the fundamental question: is life worth living? If human existence holds no significance, what can keep us from suicide? As Camus argues, if there is no God to give meaning to our lives, humans must take on that purpose themselves.

This is our ‘absurd’ task, like Sisyphus forever rolling his rock up a hill, as the inevitability of death constantly … More

Born OTD in 1844, German philosopher, cultural critic, poet & philologist, Friedrich Nietzsche. Covering topics such as nihilism, Christianity, morality and the famous ‘will to power’, the book was controversially presented as Nietzsche’s all-but-completed magnum opus containing his philosophical system.

Including some of his most interesting metaphysical and epistemological thoughts, as well as some of his most disturbing ethical and … More

In the first global overview of philosophy, Baggini travels the world to provide a wide-ranging map of human thought. One of the great unexplained wonders of human history is that written philosophy flowered entirely separately in China, India and Ancient Greece at more or less the same time. These early philosophies have had a profound impact on the development of distinctive cultures in different parts of the world.

What we call ‘philosophy’ in the West is not even half the story. Julian Baggini sets out to expand our … More

Haraway’s `A Cyborg Manifesto’ is a key postmodern text and is widely taught in many disciplines as one of the first texts to embrace technology from a leftist and feminist perspective using the metaphor of the cyborg to champion socialist, postmodern, and anti-identitarian politics.

Until Haraway’s work, few feminists had turned to theorizing science and technology and thus her work quite literally changed the … More

When honest young Caleb Williams comes to work as a secretary for Squire Falkland, he soon begins to suspect that his new master is hiding a terrible secret. But as he digs deeper into Falkland’s past and finally unearths the guilty truth, the results of his curiosity prove calamitous when – even though Caleb has loyally sworn never to disclose what he has discovered – the Squire enacts a cruel revenge.

A tale of gripping suspense and psychological power, William Godwin’s novel creates a searing depiction of the intolerable persecution meted … More