Born OTD in 1814, one of the most influential figures of anarchism & one of the principal founders of the social anarchist tradition, Mikhail Bakunin. In 1868, Bakunin joined the Geneva section of the First International, in which he remained very active until he was expelled from the International by Karl Marx & his followers at the Hague Congress in 1872. Although Bakunin accepted elements of Marx’s class analysis & theories regarding capitalism, acknowledging “Marx’s genius”, he thought Marx’s analysis was one-sided, & that Marx’s methods would compromise the social revolution. More importantly, Bakunin criticized “authoritarian socialism” & the concept of dictatorship of the proletariat which he adamantly refused, saying: “If you took the most ardent revolutionary, vested him in absolute power, within a year he would be worse than the Tsar himself”

The spellbinding story of both the man and the theory, Bakunin chronicles one of the most notorious radicals in history, … More

Herbert Read was a Brisitsh art historian, poet, literary critic and philosopher, best known for numerous books on art, which included influential volumes on the role of art in education. Read was co-founder of the Institute of Contemporary Arts. As well as being a prominent English anarchist, he was one of the earliest English writers to take notice of existentialism.

In his philosophical outlook, Read was close to the European idealist traditions represented by Friedrich Schelling, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and … More

Born OTD in 1921, American social theorist, author, orator, historian, and political philosopher, Murray Bookchin. A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin formulated and developed the theory of social ecology and urban planning, within anarchist, libertarian socialist, and ecological thought.

In the essays that make up this book, Murray Bookchin calls for a critical social standpoint that transcends both “biocentrism” … More

Born OTD in 1853, Italian activist and political theorist, Errico Malatesta. Malatesta spent ten years in prison and much of his life exiled from Italy, some of which was spent in London where he befriended (amongst others), another exile, Peter Kropotkin, and went on to write and produce pamphlets with Freedom Press.

“Capitalism is the same everywhere. In order to survive and prosper it needs a permanent situation of partial scarcity: it … More

Born OTD in 1842. Russian Zoologist, economist, geographer, and philosopher, Peter Kropotkin. Writing partly in response to Social Darwinism, Kropotkin draws on his scientific knowledge to illustrate the phenomenon of cooperation. After examining the evidence of cooperation in nonhuman animals, pre-feudal societies, medieval cities, and in modern times, he concludes that cooperation and mutual aid are the most important factors in the evolution of the species and the ability to survive.

“In the animal world we have seen that the vast majority of species live in societies, and that they find … More